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Synchrotron light has unique characteristics of intensity and coherence that can reveal otherwise inaccessible details of materials, simplify their manipulation and provide information in multiple fields of study including electronics, environmental sciences, materials engineering, medicine, and micro and nanotechnologies. The light is generated by electron accelerators, carried through micrometrically collimated beams selected according to their wavelengths, and transmitted through a beamline to the utilisation and measurement stations.
In this section a number of studies and developments undertaken at the Elettra in recent years are decribed. You'll find many examples of the wide range of the services. The Industrial Liaison Office of Elettra-Sincrotrone Trieste S.C.p.A. promotes technology transfer and offers assistance to all who wish to take advantage of its sophisticated skills and equipment.
The use of phase contrast microradiography at Elettra allows the study, at the nanometre level, of the structures of sails for racing yachts, that are virtually invisible under examination by traditional radiographic techniques.
A variety of steel specimens has been studied at microscopic level, while subjected to mechanical forces in the presence of lubricants of various formulations, in order to understand the basic processes involved in friction.
Organic Light Emitting Diode (OLED) light sources exhibit all the properties needed to compete with current technologies, but some technical obstacles remain to be overcome. Elettra has led to the identification of some parameters that can cause surface defects to occur, such as the quality of materials and the methods used to process them.
In traditional steels, non-metallic microinclusions are produced during hot working processes and can generate microfractures that can cause total structural failure. At Elettra have been identified the chemical characteristics of these minute impurities and the phases of production primarily responsible for contamination.
At Elettra it was possible to examine the microstructure of polymer foams used in the motor car industry, when subjected to various deformation processes, and to correlate material's structure, its deformation resistance and its insulation properties.