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 Chemistry and Catalysis
 Conservation of the Cultural heritage
 cultural heritage
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 material science
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 x ray diffraction

<p>Fresnel microlenses for X-rays manufactured using lithographic techniques.</p>

Lithography of micro and nanostructures
X-ray lithography is commonly used to build structures with a resolution of the order of 100 nanometres. The greater penetrating power of X-rays compared to ultraviolet makes this technology particularly suited to the fabrication of complex three dimensional structures in innovative materials. 

<p>Prototype microneedles for the controlled release of pharmaceutical drugs manufactured using lithographic techniques.</p>

Fabrication of micro and nanodevices
Combining penetrative power of deep X-ray lithography with complementary methods of fabrication such as LIGA, it becomes possible to make lithographic incisions that can be several millimetres thick and yet exhibit detail at a submicrometric scale.